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Historic Village of Valley Falls Brownfield Opportunity Area





The Village of Valley Falls has received funding through the NYS Department of State Brownfield Opportunity Area (BOA) program to undertake a community-based planning effort. This effort will identify a unified vision for the Village's future and identify key opportunities for public improvement projects, environmental remediation, and the redevelopment of vacant and/or underutilized sites that celebrate the Village's rich history and natural resources.

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How the BOA Program Works




Study Area

Brownfield redevelopment begins with a planning process that enables communities to articulate a clear vision, goals, and strategies for redevelopment of brownfield sites and complementary public improvements.

State Designation of a Brownfield Opportunity Area (BOA) affirms the commitment of a community and New York State to realize the vision and goals established during the planning process.

With a community-supported plan in place, municipalities and private sector partners can begin to realize the vision and goals of the BOA plan. Designated BOA communities are eligible to access additional State funding and assistance to jumpstart the redevelopment process.



The Process


Brownfield Opportunity Areas (BOAs) are neighborhoods within a community whose economic vitality has been negatively affected by real or perceived environmental conditions. These properties often are underutilized because the contamination (or perception thereof) has impeded redevelopment, resulting in a lack of investment and in some cases, deteriorated physical conditions that pose a public health and safety risk. 

The Nomination Study developed for the Village of Valley Falls BOA will:

  1. Include a detailed inventory and analysis of existing conditions within the study area

  2. Identify a shared vision for the overall area and key redevelopment sites, and

  3. Recommend improvements for targeted sites and public spaces and corridors. 


When investments are made to the public realm and underutilized sites are remediated and redeveloped, these properties can increase surrounding property values, improve public health outcomes and incentivize additional investment.

The Steering Committee


The Steering Committee consists of key stakeholders, government staff, and local property owners who bring diverse perspectives and experiences to help inform and guide the planning process. The Steering Committee will review and resolve feedback received from stakeholders and community members, review and provide feedback on draft project deliverables, advise the Project Team on public outreach strategies, and assist with the coordination of community events.

The members of the Steering Committee are listed below:

  • Kristina Younger, Village of Valley Falls Project Manager 

  • Lesley Zlatev, NYS Department of State Project Manager

  • J.P. Overocker, Valley Falls Mayor

  • John Sassatelli, Valley Falls Trustee

  • Brian Backstrom, Valley Falls Citizen (Former Trustee)

  • Shelley Carr, Valley Falls Citizen (Former Trustee)

  • Julie Weston, Valley Falls Treasurer / Citizen

  • Janet Weber, Valley Falls Village Clerk

  • Lauren Steven, Hoosic River Watershed Association (HooRWA)

  • Andy Kawczak, Hoosic River Watershed Association (HooRWA)

  • Bruce Nelson, Retired Geologist

The Mill


The former Thompson Mill is situated on the southern bank of the Hoosic River and at a significant entry point to the Village. This 24-acre site was operated as a textile factory by James Thompson & Co. until it closed in 1992. The Mill sat derelict for 25 years, and in 2009, a fire destroyed two of the three buildings and left the third in ruins. With concerns about the structural safety, contamination, and potential for vandalism, the Village pursued funding to assess the environmental conditions of the site and initiate a strategy for reuse.

Positioned at a remarkably scenic bend of the Hoosic River where Native American and Revolutionary War history abounds, the Thompson Mill site offers a unique opportunity to transform an industrial scar into a community asset. The BOA planning process will build upon all the work completed at the Mill site to-date to develop a community-based vision for re-activating this site as a public waterfront park.


The Thompson Mill represented the soul of the Village of Valley Falls. For over 100 years, ending in 1992, the mill defined the town – employing most of its residents. According to the Pittstown Historical Society,

“The Thompson Mill was the heartbeat of the small Village of Valley Falls, and even if you did not work there you were aware of the morning, noon, and evening whistles. Keeping the whistles on time was extremely important, and woe be it to whoever pulled the chain, if it was off by several minutes. Most workers lived close by in the village and walked to work in the morning, home for lunch, and home again at night. It was the one common thread that tied most folks together.”


In 2017, the Village of Valley Falls was awarded a $200,000 Brownfield Opportunity Assessment Grant from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that included the completion of Phase I and Phase II Environmental Site Assessments (ESA) at the former Thompson Mill site. The Phase I and Phase II ESAs were conducted by Weston & Sampson in 2019. The Phase I ESA identified Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs) across the site.  

The Phase II ESA revealed:

  • Asbestos Containing Material, lead-based paint, Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

  • Shallow soil (0-2 feet) within three limited areas is contaminated likely due to illegal dumping, fire, and historic operations

  • Archeologically significant artifacts

A preliminary reuse plan was developed by Weston & Sampson for the former Thompson Mill site, including the creation of a waterfront park. As part of this Nomination Study, the concept plan for this waterfront park will be refined and further developed with input from the community.

fact sheet

Weston & Sampson created a fact sheet detailing the environmental conditions, assessments, and future uses of the former Thompson Mill Site. Click here to see the document!

Environmental site analysis (ESA)

The former Thompson Mill Site underwent a Phase I ESA and a Phase II ESA in 2019.

Click here to see the documents!


Weston & Sampson developed a conceptual reuse site plan for the former Thompson Mill Site.

Click here to see the plan!

Phase I ESA

Phase II ESA

Check out this drone video of the former Thompson Mill site.

Credit to the Sheriff's Department as the agency and Flying 7 Drones on video production. The drone was piloted by CO Mark Drescher, Deputy Condo, and SCO Todd Smith.

Drone Video
Get Engaged

Get Engaged

past events

public meeting

May 15, 2023

This public meeting provided an overview of the BOA planning process and included several activities focused on understanding the community's vision for the future of Valley Falls.


June 10, 2023

The Project Team engaged with the community while tabling at the Village-wide Yard Sale.  

Public hearing

February 15, 2024

This meeting collected public comments on the final recommendations contained in the Historic Valley Falls BOA Nomination Study. 


December 8, 2023

This open house solicited feedback on several recommended projects -- from sidewalk and drainage along the State Street corridor improvements to a new waterfront park at the site of the Former Thompson Mill. 

Project Documens

project documents

Final BOA Nomination Study


Environmental Summary


Economic Report


Railroad Assessment


Community Survey Results


Meeting Summaries


Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessments


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